• ビジネスで戦える英語力を

2020 PERSON OF THE YEAR JOE BIDEN AND KAMALA HARRIS

英語を身につける最高の方法は自分の興味のあることを英語で発信することです。具体的には日々の英語ニュースの中から自分が興味を持った記事を1つ選び、それをまず音読しながら意味を理解し、次に自分の言葉で要約して、最後に自分の意見を意見を言ってみるこの3つのステップを踏むことです。

それでは今日の記事を使って早速やってみましょう。
今日の記事はTIME MAGAZINEの最新号からです。タイム紙は毎年、年末にPerson of the Yearという特集を組みます。大統領選のあった年は決まって、その年に選出された大統領その人が記事になります。しかし今年はバイデンだけでなく、副大統領に指名されたカマラハリスも選ばれました。ですから今年にかぎってはThe person of the yearではなくThe people of the yearといったところでしょう。

まず今日の内容を日本語で要約すると以下のようになります。要約は3分以内でできるように練習をしていきましょう。
1) Title:The person of the Year
2)What&Why:記事の概要を要約する。
  3つ以下のキーポイントに絞って(自分なりの3点を決めて)
What事実とWhy重要性をいれながら説明
3)How:この記事をどのように解釈するか、自分の意見を述べる

概要の手がかりとなるキーワード
Soul of the nation, reconciliation after four years of combat,
decency, dignity, experience, competence, embodiment of American diversity, highest turnout in a century 81 million for Biden, 74 million for Trump, challenge of covid, education failing, job loss, racial injustices,Trump was the symptom of Americas chronic conditions, racism, inequality,

今日の内容を日本語でまとめると以下のようになります。
1)タイトル:タイムThe persons of the year Joe Biden & Camara Harris

2)内容を3分以内で3点以内にまとめる
①今回の選挙の際立った特徴
史上最高の投票率、バイデン8100万票 7400万票、なぜこんなにも多くの人が投票したのか?それはこの選挙がアメリカの分断を象徴していたから、またそれに危機感を持った両サイドが投票に参加したから、トランプサイドの価値観を特徴づけるキーワードはAMERICA First, White supremacy, Economy first, バイデンサイドはUnity, Diversity, Envoronmentなど
トランプは4年間でアメリカが本来持っていた、人種問題、格差問題、根深い問題を助長した、彼はそれらの一種の症状として現れた、そこにアメリカの解決しなければならいない根本的な問題がある

②カマラハリスが副大統領になった歴史的意義
黒人、かつ女性初の副大統領、今までに黒人で大統領になったのはバラクオバマがいたが、女性では初である、これはアメリカの本来の姿を体現する象徴となるできごと

③バイデン政権が直面するおおきな挑戦
コロナ、毎日3000人以上の死者、人種問題、格差問題ね教育の遅れ、失業率の増大、など、トランプの残した負の遺産が山積みだ

3)自分の意見を言う
トランプの4年間はアメリカの抱える根本的な問題と弱点をえぐりだしてくれた。
うみを出してくれた、だからそう言う意味では意義のある4年間だった、これからの4年間はその傷をいやし、アメリカと言う国、そしてさらに強固な民主主義の再建の4年間だと信ずる。

以上の内容を英語でまとめたものが今日のビデオです。参考にしてください。

今日の記事の英語の要約を下にのせます。オレンジ色のついた部分が要約の手がかりとなるキーワードです。

As Biden sees it, trusting his instincts and tuning out the naysayers is a big reason why he’s going to be the next Commander in Chief. They said he was too old, too unsteady, too boring. That his pledge to restore the “🟠soul of the nation” felt like antiquated hokum at a moment when Hurricane Trump was tearing through America, ripping through institutions, chewing up norms and spitting them out. “I got widely criticized,” Biden recalls, for “saying that we had to not greet Trump with a clenched fist but with more of an open hand.

That we weren’t going to respond to hate with hate.” To him, it wasn’t about fighting Trump with righteous vengeance, or probing any deeper rot that might have contributed to his ascent.

🟠Biden believed most voters simply wanted reconciliation after four years of combat, that they craved decency, dignity, experience and competence. “What I got most criticized for was, I said we had to unite America,” he says. “I never came off that message.”

Biden had the vision, set the tone and topped the ticket. But he also recognized what he could not offer on his own, what a 🟠78-year-old white man could never provide: generational change, a 🟠fresh perspective, and an embodiment of America’s diversity. For that, he needed Kamala Harris: California Senator, former district attorney and state attorney general, a biracial child of immigrants whose charisma and tough questioning of Trump Administration officials electrified millions of Democrats. The Vice President has never before been a woman, or Black, or Asian American. “I will be the first, but I will not be the last,” Harris says in a separate interview. “That’s about legacy, that’s about creating a pathway, that’s about leaving the door more open than it was when you walked in.”

No one knows the nature of this type of partnership better than Biden, who lived for 🟠eight years in the house Harris is about to move into. He has made the same commitment to her that he extracted from Barack Obama: that the VP will be the last person in the room after meetings, consulted on all big decisions. The two communicate every day, by telephone or text message, and Harris has offered welcome advice on Cabinet selections.

“The way that he refers to himself and her when he speaks, he’s already making his biggest decisions with her at [his] side,” says Maya Harris, Kamala’s sister and closest confidant.

Picking her as running mate “obviously has 🟠historic significance,” she says, “but clearly it’s been a choice that’s not about symbolism. It’s substantive.”

Together, they offered restoration and renewal in a single ticket. And America bought what they were selling: after 🟠the highest turnout in a century, they racked up 81 million votes and counting, the most in presidential history, topping Trump by some 🟠7 million votes and flipping five battleground states.

Biden and Harris onstage in Wilmington, Del., at the end of the Democratic National Convention, which was held virtually because of the pandemic.Olivier Douliery—AFP/Getty Images
 
Defeating the Minotaur was one thing; finding the way out of the labyrinth is another. A dark winter has descended, and there will be no rest for the victors. Trump is waging information warfare against his own people, the first President in history to openly subvert the peaceful transfer of power.

The country has reached a grim new milestone: 🟠more than 3,000 COVID-19 deaths in one day. Millions of children are falling behind in their education; millions of parents are out of work. There is not only a COVID-19 crisis and an economic crisis to solve, but also “a long overdue reckoning on racial injustice and a climate crisis,” Harris says. “We have to be able to

Given the scale and array of America’s problems, the question may not be whether this team can solve them but whether anyone could. U.S. politics has become a hellscape of intractable polarization, plagued by disinformation and mass delusion.

Polling shows three-quarters of Trump voters wrongly believe the election was tainted by fraud. After four years of a White House that acted as a celebrity-driven rage machine, it seems naive to think of the presidency as an engine of progress.

So while Biden will be the 46th man to serve as President, he may be the first since Lincoln to inherit a Republic that is questioning the viability 🟠of its union.

“This moment was one of those do-or-die moments,” Biden says. “Had Trump won, I think we would have changed the nature of who we are as a country for a long time.”

🟠🟠🟠Yet Trump, many experts argue, is not the aberration Biden describes but rather a symptom of America’s chronic conditions: a legacy of racism and widening inequality that undermines both its ideals and its functioning.

Biden and Harris share a faith that empathetic governance can 🟠restore the solidarity we’ve lost. Biden told TIME he has lately been reading about Franklin D. Roosevelt’s first 100 days, when FDR worked to pull the nation out of the Great Depression, a feat that helped restore confidence in democracy. “

We’re the only country in the world that has come out of every crisis stronger than we went into the crisis,” he insists. “I predict we will come out of this crisis stronger than when we went in.” Their challenge is, above all, not about any one policy, proposal or piece of legislation.

🟠🟠It is convincing America that a future exists, for all of us, together. It is nothing less than reconciling America with itself.

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